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塔吊应当经常进行检查、维护和保养,传动部分应有足够的润滑油,对易损件必须经常检查、 维修或更换,对机械的螺栓,特别是经常震动的零件,如塔身连接螺栓应进行检查是否松动,如有松动必须即使拧紧或更换。
The crane shall carry out regular inspection, maintenance and maintenance, transmission parts should have sufficient lubricating oil, the wearing parts must always check, repair or replacement of mechanical bolts, especially often vibration parts, such as the tower bolts should be checked whether loose, if loose must even tighten or replace.
1.1机械设备维护与保养
1.1 mechanical equipment maintenance
1.2各机构的制动器应经常进行检查和调整制动瓦和制动轮的间隙,保证灵活可靠。在摩擦面上,不应有污物存在,遇有污物必须用汽油或稀料洗掉。
1.2 the brake should be checked and adjusted frequently to ensure the reliability of the brake shoe and brake wheel. In the friction surface, there should not be any dirt, dirt must use gasoline or thinner wash.
1.3 减速箱、变速箱、外啮合齿轮等各部分的润滑以及液压油均按润滑表中的要求进行。
1.3 gearbox, gearbox, external gear and other parts of the lubrication and hydraulic oil are in accordance with the requirements of the lubrication table.
1.4要注意检查各部钢丝绳有无断丝和松股现象。如超过有关规定必须立即换新。钢丝绳的维护保养应严格按GB5144-85规定。
1.4 should pay attention to check the steel wire rope broken wire and loose phenomenon. If the relevant provisions must be changed immediately. Maintenance of wire rope should be strictly in accordance with the provisions of GB5144-85.
1.5凡开式齿轮传动必须有防护罩。
1.5 open gear drive must be protected.
1.6经常检查各部的连接情况,如有松动应予拧紧。塔身连接螺栓应在塔身受压时检查松紧度(可采用旋转臂的方法去造成受压状态),所有连接稍轴都必须有开口销,并需张开充分。
1.6 regularly check the connection of each department, if loose should be tightened. The tower bolts should be in compression tower check tightness (method can be used to cause the compression of the rotating arm), a little shaft all connections must have openings, and need to fully open.
1.7经常检查各机构运转是否正常,有无噪音,如发现故障,必须及时排除。
1.7 regularly check the operation of the body is normal, there is no noise, such as fault detection, must be promptly ruled out.
1.8安装、拆卸和调整回转机构时,要注意保证回转机构减速器的中心线与齿轮中心线平行,其啮合面不小于70%,啮合间隙要适合。
1.8 installation, disassembly and adjustment of slewing mechanism, it is necessary to pay attention to ensure that the center of the slewing gear reducer parallel to the central line of the gear, the meshing surface is not less than 70%, meshing clearance to fit.
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